Camera and Lens Master Course
Academy Award and Emmy-winning cinematographers teach you how to unlock the most powerful tool on your set – your camera.
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Cinematography Camera Course
33 methodical lessons take you guide you through the tools, techniques, and process used to create a professional cinematic look
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Learn what professional cinematography covers, how a cinematographer preps a new project, and how to build a camera package.
An Overview of Cinematography
Cinematography is the art of balancing six key components, all of which work together to help craft an emotional feeling for each scene. We will discuss these six components and how you can use them to achieve the desired look and feel of your film.
How a Cinematographer Preps a Project
The cinematographer’s role is to capture the actor’s performances and create an emotional tone through the use of lens and light. In order to do this, careful preparation is required, so in this lesson you will learn how to prep a project as a cinematographer.
Building the Camera Package
Learn the components and accessories of a professional package, and how to build the camera for your project.
Learn how to choose, configure, and operate the camera body.
How to Prep a Camera
Cameras are a collection of accessories that can be assembled in different ways to meet the demands of each production. The 1st assistant camera is responsible for prepping, or building, the camera package in its entirety the day before the shoot to make sure that every component is in good working order.
In this lesson, Drew Lauer of Hollywood Special Ops takes you through the process of prepping a camera, what to look for, and common mistakes that could seriously affect your shoot. (14:36)
How to Test a Lens
When you rent equipment from a rental house, it’s critical to build and test every component, especially the lenses. Through a series of lens tests, you are looking for physical problems, focusing issues, chromatic abberation, and a range of other problems that can severely impact the quality of the recorded image.
In this lesson, you will learn several procedures to test a lens so you can arrive on set confident in your gear.
Imaging Sensor and ISO
The imaging sensor is the heart of the camera system. It converts light into the electrical signal that becomes the image we see on screen. But understanding how it works and its limitations will help you improve your cinematography.
This lesson is jam-packed with tips on how to get the most out of your camera by understanding how photosites convert light into an electrical signal, bayer patterns, chip sensitivity, and working with dual ISOs. (20:25)
The frame rate is the number of images a camera captures each second. In this lesson, you will learn how to choose the correct frame rate, the difference between interlaced and progressive frames, and how the frame rate affects the look of your production. (20:02)
- What is a frame rate
- How does persistence of vision work?
- The difference between interlaced and progressive frames
- How to choose the correct frame rate for the camera
- How time code works
- How to work with drop frame and non-drop frame time code
- How 3:2 pulldown works
- How to expose and shoot in slow motion
- How to expose and shoot in time lapse
- How to choose the correct frame rate for your production
The Camera Shutter
Learn how the shutter functions in a film camera and the electronic equivalent in digital cameras, how it functions, how it affects the exposure of the shot and how you can create different looks by changing the shutter speed. (12:54)
- How the shutter functions in a film camera
- How the shutter functions in a digital camera
- How to change the shutter angle
- How changes of the shutter speed affect the exposure
- How changes of the shutter speed affect the look of the image
- The difference between a rolling shutter and global shutter
- Shutter speed and screen flicker
With digital formats all but completely replacing film as the on-set acquisition format, it’s critical to protect and manage your workflow to protect your “digital negative.” In this lesson, we will show you how to manage and protect your media on set.
Tripods and Sliders
Learn about the equipment that can help you stabilize and support the camera. From tripods to jib arms, this lesson is an outstanding introduction to the gear filmmakers use to control their camera shots.
In this section, learn how lenses work, how to find the sweet spot, and how to use them to create teh desired emotion on screen.
Introduction to Lenses
Taking Care of Lenses
Lenses are the window between your story and the audience, which is why keeping your lenses clean and in good working order is key. In this lesson, you will learn to properly transport, store, change, replace and maintain camera lenses. (9:28)
Although focusing is viewed as a purely technical process, it’s really a powerful artistic tool for the cinematographer. This module takes you into the world of using focus to draw the audience’s attention to a subject, how to set focus with both prime and zoom lenses, unlocking the power of the hyperfocal distance, focusing techniques in both documentary and narrative productions, setting focus marks, focusing on moving subjects, minimum focus distance and pulling focus.
- The technical importance of focus
- The use of focus as a powerful storytelling tool
- Using autofocus
- The physics of focusing – what’s really happening in the lens
- Working with the hyperfocal distance and how to use it
- Minimum focus
- Techniques for setting focus with a digital camera
- Techniques for setting focus with a film camera
- How to measure the distance to the subject and set focus marks
- How to use a follow focus to pull focus
- How to maintain focus with a moving subject or camera
Lens Focal Length
The focal length is undoubtedly the most powerful aspect of the lens, and understanding it’s true capabilities will enhance a cinematographer’s storytelling abilities significantly. Learn how to create deep and shallow depth of field, compress or expand distance in your shot, create the illusion of faster or slower time and increase or decrease shot size in this comprehensive yet easy-to-understand video. (23:50)
- How to change the focal length with both prime and zoom lenses
- How the focal length affects the field of view
- How the focal length affects the depth of a shot
- How the focal length affects the perception of time
- How the focal length affects the depth of field
Depth of Field
- What is the depth of field
- Circle of confusion
- How the aperture controls the depth of field
- How the focal length affects the depth of field
- How the imaging sensor affects the depth of field
- How the distance to the subject affects the depth of field
- How to use the depth of field as a creative tool
In this section, learn how to determine the perfect exposure to create perfect skin tones and maintain details in the important parts of the frame.
How to Expose a Shot
Exposure is a powerful tool in the cinematographer’s arsenal, and this module walks you through both basic exposure techniques. Learn about f-stops, latitude, under and over exposing your subject, using incident and spot light meters, exposing subjects with varying skin tones and exposing in both film and video. Taught by Emmy-winning cinematographer Jason J. Tomaric at Panavision studios, this video demystifies the exposure process once and for all. (25:16)
- How the aperture works
- How to work within the latitude of a format
- What are f-stops
- What are zebra stripes and how you can properly use them
- How to work with under and overexposed images
- How to properly expose both film and video
- How to work with false color
- How to work with zebra stripes
- How to work with a light meter
F-Stops and T-Stops
F-stops and T-stops are units that measure the change in teh brightness of light, and we use them to determine the dynamic range of a camera sensor, the contrast ratios of a scene we are lighting, and as an exposure tool.
In this lesson, you will learn how f-stops work and how to use them on set.
- What is an f-number?
- The difference between an f-stop and a t-stop
- How changes in an f-stop affect the brightness of light
- Working with fast and slow lenses
- How to use T-stops
- Working with F-stops and T-stops on set
Neutral Density Filters
Neutral Density filters reduce the amount of light before it passes through the lens and is a key tool in controlling exposure. Learn how ND filters work, the types of ND filters, and a convenient light reduction table.
- What is a polarizer?
- Polarized vs unpolarized light
- Linear vs circular polarizers
- Tinting and exposure challenges
- Form factors
Framing and Composition Techniques
In this section, learn Hollywood techniques to framing your subject for engaging, professional results.
Composition - Professional Techniques
- Frame division and placement of subjects in the frame
- Important compositional guidelines and their importance when framing a shot
- The rule of thirds and how it can be used and broken as a powerful storytelling tool
- The Golden Ratio and the Golden Rectangle
- Composing for lines and area
- How to adapt framing guidelines for different aspect ratios
- How to frame a subject using:
- Pictoral balance
- Visual patterns
- Leading lines
- Subject prominence
- Impressions of the subject
- Composition and color
- Composition and motion
- Dynamic composition
Creating Depth in the Frame
- How to set-up and cheat foreground elements to add depth to the frame
- How to use the background to create depth and separation
- The difference between real world vs. proscenium staging
- How the camera perceives depth and how you can exploit this to create the illusion of dimension
Framing Actors and Eyelines
Rule of 180
- What are aspect ratios
- How to concert from one aspect ratio to another
- How letterboxing works
- How pillarboxing works
- How pan-n-scan works
- How squeezing works
- How cropping works
- How to simultaneously frame for multiple aspect ratios
Using a Clapboard
The clapboard is one of the most recognizable tools used in the film industry, but also one of the most misunderstood. In this lesson, we’ll show you the purpose of a clapboard, how to properly use it and more importantly, how not to use it. (11:04)
- How to properly use a slate
- Smart slates vs. dumb slates
- How to properly mark a slate
- How to mark MOS shots
- How to mark sync sound shots
- How to tailslate
Using a Monitor
Monitors are one of the most often used tools on set, but an improperly-calibrated monitor can be disastrous for the final image. In this lesson, we’ll show you how to use color bars to properly calibrate your production monitor both on set and in the edit bay. (14:29)
- What is a waveform monitor
- What is a vectorscope
- How to use color bars to calibrate a production monitor
- What is blue mode
- How the ambient conditions can affect the image on the monitor
The Cinematographer and the Camera Crew
Go on set with the camera crews behind popular TV shows and movies to learn how to start a career in the camera department on a Hollywood set.
The Director of Photography
Learn about the role of the director of photography, his duties and responsibilities, and how to hire the best DP for your project.
The Camera Operator
The camera operator is the head of the camera department. In this lesson, you will learn the duties and responsibilities of the camera operator. (26:13)
- The role of the camera operator
- The camera operator’s involvement during the blocking of a scene
- The relationship between the camera operator and boom operator
- How the camera operator works with the art department to finesse the frame
- Common camera support gear
1st Assistant Camera
In this lesson, you will learn the duties and responsibilities of the 1st Assistant Cameraperson, both on and off the set. (11:24)
- The role of the 1st AC
- How the 1st AC preps the camera before a shoot
- The 1st AC’s role in setting up and maintaining the camera on set
- The 1st AC’s role in setting and pulling focus
2nd Assistant Camera
In this lesson, we explore the duties and responsibilities of the 2nd Assistant Camera on set. (7:33)
- The role of the 2nd AC on set
- The 2nd AC’s responsibilities during the blocking process
- The 2nd AC’s management and operation of the clapboard
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